To the twelve founding generals who risked their lives: ten with one arm, two with one leg

2022-08-06 0 By

On September 27, 1955, the PLA adopted the rank system for the first time.The marshal of the People’s Republic of China ceremony was held in Huairen Hall, Zhongnanhai. Chairman MAO Zedong of the People’s Republic of China personally conferred orders on the marshals of the Republic.On the same day, The State Council held a grand ceremony of conferring the rank of general of the People’s Liberation Army.Premier Zhou Enlai conferred the commands of the ranks of general, general, lieutenant general and major general to Su Yu and other generals in Beijing.For these meritorious founding generals of the Republic, posterity is either familiar with, or ignorant of.Especially for today’s happy young generation, the war has gone far, far away.Most people probably don’t even know that during the long March, one soldier died every 300 meters on average, a battle was fought every three days, and it took more than 400 battles to reach northern Shaanxi…Fourteen years of arduous war of Resistance against Japanese Aggression, the Chinese people paid 35 million people sacrifice, finally won the victory!Anti United States aid north, the founding of the war a battle set the universe, played a national military, played seventy years of peace!It is the countless generations of ancestors, just have today’s prosperous China.This article is represented by the twelve generals, from another vision to recall, remember these for the Cause of the Liberation of the Chinese people and risked their lives of the founding fathers of the Republic!General He Bingyan (1913-1960) was born in Songzi, Hubei province.In 1955, he was awarded the rank of general and then commander of the Chengdu Military Region of the People’s Liberation Army.On December 21, 1935, he Bingyan, then commander of the 5th Division of the 2nd Red Army Corps, was wounded for the sixth time in the Battle of Wawutang during the Long March.The right arm was shattered by a cannon ball, and the bones were so white and mangled that only the ribs and skin attached to the shoulder were left.Under the premise of only sawing off his arm to save his life, the legionnaires’ health minister He Biao sawed off He Bingyan’s right arm with a woodworking saw without medical instruments or narcotic drugs.During the operation, which lasted two hours and 16 minutes, He didn’t say a word, his towel chewed to pieces.General Peng Shaohui (1906-1978) was a native of Xiangtan, Hunan province.He was awarded the rank of general in 1955 when he was deputy Chief of the General Staff of the People’s Liberation Army and deputy director of the Training Department.In March 1933, during the fourth counter-campaign against “encirketing and Suppressing” Pili Mountain in Caotaigang, Peng Shaohui was shot twice in his left arm, which shattered his arm bone and pierced his artery.He was so badly injured that he had to have his left arm amputated after three unsuccessful operations.On March 17, 1934, Peng Shaohui was in a coma for several days due to excessive bleeding.Peng shaohui was missing a left arm, and was seriously injured when he set foot on the 25 thousand li long March.Yu Qiuli (1914 — 1999) was a native of Ji ‘an, Jiangxi province.He was awarded the rank of lieutenant General in 1955 and was then the head of the General Finance Department of the People’s Liberation Army.In March 1936, when the Long March of the Red Army passed through Guizhou, cheng Jun, commander of the 18th Regiment of the 6th Red Division, and Yu Qiuli, political commissar, led their troops to organize an ambush battle in Weining.In the battle, the front command of the regiment command caused the attention of the enemy, intensive fire to chengjun head shot, Yu Qiuli pushed Chengjun away at the same time, his left arm was shot by a bullet.Due to the limited medical conditions during the Long March, when I opened the gauze to change the dressing of the wound after crossing the grass, I found that the wound had rotting maggots. The doctor clamped out the maggots one by one with forceps and then washed the wound with salt water, and had to carry out amputation operation.At this point, 192 days had passed since Yu qiuli was shot in the left arm.Yan Fusheng (1904-1984) was a native of Liling, Hunan Province.In 1955, he was awarded the rank of lieutenant general, then political commissar of hunan Military Region of the People’s Liberation Army.In July 1936, the second Red Front Army composed of the second and sixth Red Army joined forces with the fourth Red Front Army in Ganzi and moved north together with the fourth Red Front Army.In October, Yan Fusheng, then political commissar of the 16th Red Division, led his troops into a tight siege in a fierce battle with Hu Zong in the south. In the battle, he was wounded in his right arm by enemy aircraft bombing. In order to avoid being captured, he resolutely jumped down a steep slope several feet high.After the troops broke out, General Wang Zhen thought that Yan Fusheng had died a heroic death and organized the troops to hold a memorial ceremony for him.But Yan fusheng did not die. He was rescued by a father and son of villagers and eventually returned to the army.But his arm has festered maggots, and finally had to be amputated.Zuo Qi (1911 — 1998) was a native of Yongxin, Jiangxi province.In 1955, he was awarded the rank of major General, then political commissar of the People’s Liberation Army South Xinjiang Military Region.On November 16, 1938, Zuo Qi, then chief of staff of 717 Regiment of 359th Brigade of the Eighth Route Army, was ordered to ambush the Japanese supply convoy near Mingpu Village, Yu County, Hebei province.In the fierce battle, the heavy machine gun supported by our troops suddenly stopped firing. Zuo Qi jumped into the machine gun position to help troubleshoot and was shot in his right arm.When he was sent to the rear hospital after the battle, zuo Qi was in a coma due to excessive bleeding.Dr. Bethune himself treated her, but the tourniquet had been tied so tightly for so long that no blood was flowing to her right arm. The entire arm was black and necrotic.Dr. Bethune performed an overnight operation on Zuo Qi’s right shoulder, and zuo Qi lost his right arm.Peng Qingyun (1918-1995) was a native of Yongxin, Jiangxi province.In 1955, he was awarded the rank of major general and then director of the Political Department of the 47th Army of the People’s Liberation Army.In October 1938, the Japanese independent mixed into the second brigade brigade commander General Chang Gang Kuanzhi from Zhangjiakou by Guangling to Lingqiu front supervision.Peng Qingyun was the instructor of the 1st Battalion, 79th Regiment, 359 Brigade, 120 Division of the Eighth Route Army.Peng Qingyun is a famous sharpshooter in the regiment, in the battle personally with a “38 type” rifle a gun pile down the Japanese chief Chang Okuji Lieutenant general.This attracted the Japanese comprehensive firepower retaliation, Peng Qingyun was the Japanese bullet through the right elbow joint.When he was taken to hospital, Dr. Bethune immediately amputated his leg.During the operation, due to the lack of blood plasma, Dr. Bethune said without hesitation: “I am type O blood, take mine.”Finally, the operation was successfully completed.Tong Yansheng (1911 — 1985) was a native of Fu, Jiangxi.In 1955, he was awarded the rank of major General and chief of staff of the Jiangsu Military Region of the People’s Liberation Army.In 1944, Tong Yansheng served as political commissar in the Third Secret Service regiment of the Soviet Military region, and captured a large number of enemy homemade grenades in a battle.No one knew how to use these native grenades, no one dared to throw them.Tong Yansheng tried to cast a, did not expect just a pull string, grenade exploded in the hand, the right hand holding the handle of the five fingers were blown up, had to do amputation from the wrist.Tong Yansheng hospital care troops, wounds have not scab returned to the army, because there is no timely dressing care, lead to wound healing, serious infection, had to do a second amputation, lost the right forearm.Su Lu (1902 — 1976) was a native of Liuyang, Hunan province.In 1955, he was awarded the rank of major General and deputy commander of the Shanxi Military Region of the People’s Liberation Army.In the battle of Taiyuan in 1949, Sulu was deputy division commander of the 184th Division, 62nd Army, 18th Corps, North China Military Region.In the red house stronghold outside the east gate of Taiyuan, affinity commandos with explosive bags to attack the enemy outside the minefield, the right arm was mine explosion.In the spring of 1955, the organization arranged su Lu leave the rest, but su Lu reluctant to leave the army, in order to continue to stay in the army, the initiative to apply for the armory department of the 495 warehouse as the commander of the regiment.In September 1955, when the military rank system was implemented, Sulu was awarded the rank of major general under the personal advice of Marshal Luo Ronghuan, director of the General Political Department, and later served as deputy commander of shanxi Military Area Command.Liao Zhengguo (1913-1972) was a native of Xixian County, Henan Province.In 1955, he was awarded the rank of major General and then commander of the 20th Army of the People’s Liberation Army.In October 1940, Liao Zhengguo served as the commander of the 4th Regiment of the first Column of the New Fourth Army in northern Jiangsu. When he was explaining the construction principle and explosive power of hand grenades to the troops, the grenade suddenly began to smoke. In order to protect his comrades at the scene, Liao Zhengguo did not throw the grenade out, but turned around and let the grenade explode in his hands.He was saved, but liao lost his right hand.In 1950, Liao zhengguo served as deputy commander of the 20th Army of the Chinese People’s Volunteers, and led his troops to participate in the war against the United States and aid Korea.The following year in May, in the north of Huachuan, Jincheng, jinhua southeast area of the mountain defense operations, affinity troops blocked the enemy for more than 50 days, achieved a major victory of annihilation of more than 21000 people.Chen Bo (1908 — 2009) was a native of Xinxian county, Henan Province.In 1955, he was awarded the rank of major General, political commissar of the Logistics Department of the Public Security Army of the People’s Liberation Army.In March 1941, huangyadong Arsenal factory of the Eighth Route Army produced a batch of rolling thunder. After the rolling thunder was distributed to the troops, the soldiers generally reported that the performance of the weapon was unstable and the difficulty of use was relatively high.Chen Bo was the deputy head of the secret service group of the general headquarters of the Eighth Route Army, and often organized troops to teach the use of rolling thunder.The performance of this batch of rolling thunder is indeed unstable, a sudden explosion occurred during a lecture, Chen Bo fainted on the spot.He was rushed to the hospital and saved his life, but he lost an arm and his legs, leaving severe sequelae.Zhong Chibing, lieutenant general (1914-1975), was born in Pingjiang, Hunan province.In 1955, he was awarded the rank of lieutenant general, then commander of the Guizhou Military Region of the People’s Liberation Army.In February 1935, zhong Chibing, political commissar of the 12th Regiment of the third Red Army, was shot in his right leg when the Central Red Army captured Loushiguan. Even though he could not stop the bleeding after dressing more than 10 layers of rags, he had to tie the aorta tightly from the thigh root.Until the red army after the invasion of zunyi for treatment, but due to bind up time is too long, part of the muscle tissue necrosis, and was shot in the bone and smashed into the bone residue, the red army hospital operation condition and extremely humble, had to use a common people cutting wood with wood chopper and a broken into half woodworking saws to its right leg amputated below the knee.Within a few days, however, the wound became severely infected and had to be operated on again. Three amputations were performed within half a month, which saved Zhong’s life at the age of 21.For the rest of the long March, Zhong Chibing walked on one leg to northern Shaanxi.Xie Liang (1915 — 1991) was a native of Xingguo, Jiangxi province.In 1955, he was awarded the rank of major general, the political commissar of shijiazhuang Senior Infantry School of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army.In October 1936, the Western Route Army of the Chinese Workers’ and Peasants’ Red Army, jointly formed by the first red Front army and the fourth Red Front Army, crossed the Yellow River to fight under the order of the Central Revolutionary Military Commission.On November 29, 1936, Xie Liang was ordered to lead the 23rd Division to Shilipu Danxian County, Gansu province to block the Ma Jia Army attack, covering the withdrawal of the main force.The left leg was wounded in the battle. Due to the limited conditions, the bullet could not be taken out and there was no medicine to treat it, which caused the wound to fester and become inflamed.In April 1937, Xie Liang was captured in the retreat and remained unyielding under torture. His left foot ulcerated in prison and had to be amputated.After the xi ‘an Incident, the Kuomintang and the Communist party cooperated for the second time, and the Red Army was reorganized into the Eighth Route Army of the National Revolutionary Army.Lanzhou eighth Route Army office asked Ma jiajun to name captured Red Army cadres at regiment level or above, xie Liang and a number of captured generals were immediately released.Recall the past eventful years, look at the present Glorious China!With this article to each in order to fight for national independence and people’s liberation of the ancestors to extend the most noble salute, the motherland and the people will always remember your achievements!