Hangzhou Story: Exploring Liangzhu Culture and demonstrating the Chinese civilization of five thousand years

2022-05-12 0 By

Liangzhu Culture (Jiao Junzuo) In the northwest of Hangzhou, surrounded by mountains and rivers, a magnificent ancient kingdom was buried here.On July 6, 2019, the gavel fell in Baku, azerbaijan, and the world heard its name — liangzhu Ancient City Ruins.At the 43rd Session of UNESCO World Heritage Conference, “Liangzhu Ancient City Site” was successfully included in the World Heritage List after deliberation.The five thousand years of Chinese civilization has been the most powerful demonstration!Liangzhu Ancient City site fanshan Royal Cemetery Preservation Exhibition (photo by Sheng Shuyan) Red File: Where do I come from?”Who am I?Where am I from?Where to?”These are the three ultimate questions of philosophy.As far as human civilization is concerned, almost every civilization has traced its origin and explored where it came from.Where did Chinese civilization come from?Liangzhu is opening this mysterious veil for us.In May 1936, flowers were blooming all over Hangzhou, and the news of gudang’s discovery of the site at the end of the Neolithic Age came out. Shi Xinjian, 25, immediately showed great interest.Shi Xin was born in Liangzhu, Yuhang, Hangzhou. At that time, he was working on geology and mineral resources in Lixihu Museum (now Zhejiang Museum) in Zhejiang Province.”These objects look very familiar, especially the rectangular stone axe with holes I’ve seen around Liangzhu Town…”Shi Xin wondered whether there was any connection between the archaeological excavation of the ancient ruins and Liangzhu.Immediately, he returned to Liangzhu, all day running in the fields.On November 3 of the same year, Shi Xingeng finally found one or two “black glazed pottery pieces” at the bottom of the dry pool in Qianchenfen near Liangzhu Town, marking the beginning of the archaeology of Liangzhu remains.With the support of the museum, From December 1936 to March 1937, Shi Xinmore carried out three formal field archaeological excavations on the Liangzhu site, and obtained a large number of material materials such as stone tools, pottery pieces and pottery, which confirmed the existence of ancient cultural remains in the Liangzhu area from the perspective of scientific excavation.In the spring of 1937, Shi Xin wrote the book Liangzhu — Preliminary Report on The Site of Black Pottery in the Second District of Hangzhou County (hereinafter referred to as Liangzhu) with more than 50 thousand characters. He made more than 100 drawings, introduced the excavation process and harvest in detail, and put forward quite original views.However, the comprehensive outbreak of the War of Resistance against Japan, so that liangzhu had been put into printing and publishing, with the fall of Hangzhou was forced to “difficult birth”.Therefore, Shi Xingeng took these manuscripts, together with other museum staff rescued a large number of cultural relics from the occupied Hangzhou to the south of Zhejiang.In 1938, under the appeal and insistence of Dong Yumao, the curator of The West Lake Museum, the Education Department of Zhejiang Province agreed to fund the printing of liangzhu.However, Shi Xin’s dream of returning to his hometown to dig again failed to come true. In May 1939, he was infected with scarlet fever without medicine and died forever.It is gratifying that the relay from generation to generation of archaeologists has enabled Shi xingeng’s dream to continue.In 1959, Xia Nai, director of the Institute of Archaeology of Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, formally proposed the archaeological name of “Liangzhu Culture”.In 1986, the Antishan site was discovered, and thousands of exquisite jade articles were unearthed.In 1987, the Yaoshan Site was discovered;In 1991, huiguanshan site was discovered.From 1992 to 1993, the Mo Kok Mountain site was discovered and confirmed;In 2007, liangzhu discovered the ruins of the ancient city;In 2015, a water conservancy system was discovered outside liangzhu Ancient City.At this point, a palace area, inner city, outer city and peripheral water conservancy system of the four-fold structure of the huge capital city began to appear.People watch the ruins of Liangzhu Ancient City listed on the World Heritage List on a screen in Beijing, Capital of China, July 6, 2019.(Photo by Li Lixing) If the archaeological excavation of Liangzhu is a dialogue of time and space, then the protection and the application for world Heritage are the communication lines of this dialogue, connecting the present and the ancient, and connecting China and the world.In 1961, Liangzhu Site was listed as a key cultural relic protection unit of Zhejiang Province.In 1994, Liangzhu Site was recommended by the State Administration of Cultural Heritage to be included in the Preliminary List of China’s World Heritage List.In 1996, liangzhu Site group was announced by The State Council as the fourth batch of national key cultural relics protection units;In 1997, in order to protect the site, the 104 national Road crossing the Site was diverted to the south.In September 2001, Hangzhou Liangzhu Site Management Area was established, becoming “the first special zone for cultural relics protection in China”.In 2012, Liangzhu Site was included in China’s Preliminary List of World Cultural Heritage for the third time.In 2013, the People’s Government of Zhejiang Province approved the Overall Plan for the Protection of Hangzhou Liangzhu Site…On June 13, 2016, famous archaeologists Su Bai, Xie Chensheng, Huang Jingllo and Zhang Zhongpei wrote a letter to General Secretary Xi Jinping, proposing the proposal of applying the Liangzhu Site to the World Cultural Heritage and marking the 5,000-year Chinese civilization.”We have been working in the archaeological and cultural circles for 60 to 70 years,” the letter reads. “Today we are writing to you to promote the early declaration of liangzhu Site as a World cultural Heritage and to set up a symbol for the 5,000 years of Chinese civilization…”His words were sincere and moving.There was an immediate reply to the letter.On July 13, General Secretary Xi Jinping issued important instructions, fully affirming the significance and value of this work.General Secretary Xi Jinping has pointed out that the protection of cultural relics is the premise of archaeological research, which is the academic basis for rational use of cultural heritage.We should strengthen the effective protection of ancient sites, carry out systematic archaeological excavations with key points, and constantly deepen our understanding of the long history and valuable value of The Chinese civilization.The application for world cultural Heritage should be made in an overall way, and the application items should be conducive to highlighting the historical and cultural value of Chinese civilization, reflecting the spiritual pursuit of the Chinese nation, and presenting a comprehensive and true picture of ancient and modern China to the world.From then on, the protection of Liangzhu and the application for world Heritage List entered the fast lane — clarifying the scope of application for world Heritage List, reinforcing the basic conditions of application for World Heritage List, compiling and submitting the text of application for World Heritage List with more than 2 million words…The work went on in good order.On January 26, 2018, the “Application for world Heritage” of Liangzhu Ancient City site was officially launched, and the National Committee of UNESCO of China officially recommended “Liangzhu Ancient City Site” as the 2019 World Cultural Heritage application project.After years of sharpening the sword, you finally show your edge.On July 6, 2019, at the 43rd World Heritage Conference, the gavels fell with a ringing sound, and Liangzhu ushered in a moment of transcendence across time and space — with the lofty palace base, the intact city wall ruins, the ancient and huge water conservancy project, and thousands of exquisite jade articles symbolizing power and faith, etc.The liangzhu Ancient City site overturns the long-held assertion that “China has a history of less than 4000 years of civilization” by foreign scholars, and proves the timeline of Chinese civilization to more than 5,000 years ago.From then on, “The history of Chinese civilization, up and down 5,000 years”, we speak with more confidence!The successful application of liangzhu Ancient City site as a world Heritage site also shows to the world that the Chinese civilization along the Yellow River and Yangtze River stood side by side with the Ancient Egyptian civilization along the Nile River, the Sumerian civilization along the Mesopotamia River and the Harappan civilization along the Indus River.This brings the total number of World Heritage sites in China to 55, ranking first in the world.Liangzhu Ancient City site has also become the third World cultural heritage site in Hangzhou, following the West Lake cultural landscape and the Grand Canal of China (Hangzhou section).Pride, pride, joy…This is the glory of everyone in Hangzhou and of all Chinese people. It is the crystallization of the wisdom and sweat of generations of people during 83 years of archaeological excavation and UNESCO World Heritage Protection.Liangzhu, worth it!Liangzhu ancient city site yaoshan site (Photo by Sheng Shuyan) Red search: for Liangzhu, blunt!Zhou Liming was among the hundreds of millions who wept for joy.Zhou Liming, now the director of liangzhu Museum, was the deputy director of the office of the Management Committee of liangzhu Site Management Area (the headquarters for the application of liangzhu Site as a World Heritage Site and the Construction of Liangzhu National Cultural Park) when it was established in early 2017.There are ten projects in liangzhu’s application for world Heritage.”Properties” text compiling, heritage, heritage demolished and relocated on requisitioned land environment repair, site site protection exhibition style construction, landscape avenue, anxi town reconstruction, liangzhu ancient city ruins park south entrance to upgrade, liangzhu museum displays the transformation, the liangzhu site management center construction, liangzhu archaeological heritage monitoring and protection center venues.Zhou liming participated in the exhibition renovation project of Liangzhu Museum.The renovation project was officially launched in March 2017.How to systematically display the archaeological achievements of Liangzhu over the years and build a museum that is popular among experts, popular among people and popular among everyone with modern aesthetics has become a difficult problem in front of Zhou Liming and his colleagues.”We’ve had more than 240 formal meetings alone, and we’ve had arguments about everything from punctuation to logical storytelling.”Time waits for no one. We must hurry up and start work.Therefore, in August 2017, the exhibition renovation project of Liangzhu Museum began construction without mature drawings.”To save time, we had to study and improve as we built.”On June 25, 2018, after 315 days and nights of renovation, the new Liangzhu Museum reopened to the public, which is the first project among the ten projects listed in Liangzhu’s list of world Heritage sites to be displayed to the public.”I’m just a soldier.”This is the first word zhou Liming said to reporters in an interview.He said that the whole command is an iron army collective.Prepare liangzhu “apply for world Heritage” that few years, they implement weekly meeting, weekly single rest system, stormy fire, hoof fast steady.Some people sprained their left foot and still went to work late into the night on crutches.Some people stationed in the project site for a long time, to the site as home;There are people going door to door, rain or shine…Sun Haibo is also a member of this iron army.The success of the application requires international experts to conduct on-site assessment and confirm the authenticity, integrity and effectiveness of the protection of the heritage, and the indispensable important basis is the text of the application.Sun haibo is responsible for preparing the text of the UNESCO World Heritage Application.In fact, as early as 2012, the “UNESCO World Heritage” text has begun to prepare.But with the discovery of the peripheral water system in 2015, and with the scope of the UNESCO designation not officially delineated until March 2017, text preparation often had to start from scratch.Sun haibo and his colleagues withstood such pressure — in September 2017, they submitted a pre-review text;1 February 2018, official text submitted.”Time is tight, the task is heavy, the demand is high”, just 9 words, all at that time “Sun Haibo people” anxiety.”One month before submitting the official text, Liang Guan assigned me and four other colleagues to work in the Beijing typesetting company for 21 days to complete the English translation and typesetting correction while revising the text.”Sun haibo said that during the 21 days in Beijing, many comrades began to suffer from insomnia and hair loss due to the pressure, but all of them still kept working at “two points and one line” and did their best.On January 26, 2018, the text of the world Heritage application, weighing 100 jin, was completed.On July 6, 2019, at liangzhu Time, a 5,330 page text of the world Heritage Application was displayed on the screen of the World Heritage Assembly.The site of Liangzhu Ancient City was successfully listed in the World Heritage List.Liangzhu ancient City Site Park (Sheng Shuyan photo) The greatest dream liangzhu story did not draw an end.A wall in the Liangzhu Museum shows a timeline of China’s historical development, with parts of the former Liangzhu kingdom represented by dashed lines.”The dotted line is to show that the history of human civilization is a process of continuous development. Perhaps there was a very splendid culture before Liangzhu, which needs to be continuously understood by archaeology.”Liangzhu Museum commentator said.On the eve of the application for world Heritage, Liu Bin, the discoverer of liangzhu ancient City and former director of the Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology of Zhejiang Province, said that no matter whether the application for world Heritage was successful or not, the archaeological work was carried out step by step in the direction of solving the riddle.At the end of 2019, the State Administration of Cultural Heritage officially approved the “Archaeological China — From Songze to Liangzhu:At the same time, the fifth stage of Chinese Civilization Exploration Project (2019-2022) has also been officially launched. Liangzhu Ancient City site is an important part of these two national major projects.Under the guidance of the major subject, the Liangzhu Ancient City Site has started a new archaeological work in the post-application era.On the other hand, to deepen the understanding of the precious value of Liangzhu site and further decode the genes of Liangzhu civilization has also become an important content of comprehensive protection of Liangzhu site.Today, the Liangzhu ancient City site park, a constant stream of tourists from home and abroad, liangzhu culture seeds are spreading from China to the world, tapping everyone’s heart.As a part of the common heritage of all mankind, the site of Liangzhu Ancient City presents a comprehensive and true picture of ancient and modern China to the world, and its protection and inheritance are always on the way.”Site parks should not only meet the needs of site protection and public sightseeing, but also popularize knowledge and information about archaeological sites to the public and shoulder the responsibility of cultural dissemination.”Hangzhou Liangzhu site management area management committee planning and construction bureau director Wang Hui said.There is a passage in National Treasure: Each generation has its responsibilities.The history, creation, emotion and perseverance of our ancestors can help us understand what the Chinese nation has contributed to the world civilization and what we should leave to future generations.Are you running?Perhaps the greatest thing we can do at this time is to stand at the crossroads of history and the future amidst the brilliant stars and to pass on the faith, civilization and strength handed to us by our forefathers.Historical data provided: Hangzhou Liangzhu Site Management Area Management Committee review: Ying Changdong